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Our new book, Teaching with Popular Film, contains 15 film lesson plans as well as units on women's history and expressing opinions. Check it out here.

Lesson Plans for Popular Films and Other Relevant Topics

NEW:

Join our new service, Film Lesson of the Month Club, and receive a new lesson plan on a new or classic film each month for 10 months. In addition you will receive free shipping on all our products, discounts from time to time, and the opportunity to review and recommend films for inclusion.

You can choose to receive your lesson plans via email contained in a virus-proof PDF or mailed USPS to your school or home. Join now and place your order below. Lesson plans will be sent to either the email address or mailing address attached to your PayPal account. Be sure those addresses are current.

Your choice: $20 for email version, $25 for USPS version.

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LESSON PLANS:

Each film lesson plan provides a summary of the film, 4 to 6 activities relating to it, a set of 10 questions for writing or discussion and 1 to 3 handouts. Life/Academic Skill lessons include step-by step directions and student handouts. Mexican history lessons include a reading on a famous person or event, a vocabulary worksheet, discussion/writing questions, and a page of related activities. Film lessons are designated with the word film before the order number; others with LAS FOR life skill lessons or MH for Mexican history lessons.

Cost for each lesson plan is $3 or save by ordering 6 for $15.

Lesson plans will be emailed to you in virus-free PDFs.

See a sample lesson plan.

To order:
First, peruse the plans described below and decide which lessons you want to order. Write down their names and/or numbers. You may order one at a time, four together, or six together. Then click on the PayPal icon below, selecting the number of plans. Then MOST IMPORTANTLY email us providing the names and/or numbers of the lessons you have chosen. Email to fran@aywnpublications.com


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Lesson Plan Selections

Click below on the categories you're interested in or simply scroll to see all selections.

Classic Films

Films about History and Citizenship

Films about Women's Issues

Films about Diversity/Inclusiveness

Films about Arts and Media

Films about Ethical Issues

Films about the Environment

Mexican History Lessons - not based on film

Life/Academic Skills for Teens -not based on film

Classic Films. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

film01 Grapes of Wrath, both the book and the film (released in 1940), is fully deserving of the term “classic.” Important in so many ways, it documents the journey of a poor migrant family who travel to California in the 1930’s to find work after their farm is destroyed by drought.  Henry Fonda won an Academy Award for his portrayal of Tom Joad, the eldest son. Their travails include lies and misinformation, discrimination, worker/employer conflict, hunger, death and injury. Much of it can be related to present day ills.

film02 It’s a Wonderful Life, made in the 1940’s, is a famous Christmas classic starring Jimmy Stewart playing a man who has given up his life goals up to help other people but finds in the end that it was worth it.

film03 Les Miserables is a beautiful film (starring Liam Neesum) based on the famous classic novel of the same name. Not only will students learn valuable lessons in history and literature, but they will also have the opportunity to examine and define “goodness” and its effects.

film04 Lord of the Flies is the classic tale of William Golding about young boys stranded on a tropical island who must build their own society; all the darker sides of humanity arise in the boys as they struggle to live. This is the latest film (1990)  of the book written in the 1950’s.

film05 The Oxbow Incident Black and white, filmed in 1943, this film is a jewel. In 1998, the Library of Congress selected The Ox-Bow Incident for preservation in the United States National Film Registry because it was “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." If you want to get across how mob mentality (think about current youth gangs) can lead to tragedy and the horrible risk society takes when it chooses capital punishment, this film is the perfect vehicle. Based on the classic novel of the same name, it's about the lynching of innocent men and the resulting consequences.

film09 Schindler's List will remain a classic, as it tells an unforgettable story about a German businessman who saved over 1000 Jewish lives during the holocaust in World War II by employing them in his factories and protecting them from the Nazis. Directed by Steven Spielberg, it won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1993. A true story, it is shocking and inspiring.

Films about History and Citizenship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

film06 Frozen River, released in 2008, was nominated for two Academy Awards. Telling the story of two desperate mothers, one Native American and one white, who smuggle foreigners across the US/Canadian border, it brings home the plight of single mothers and the ever present fear of terrorism. Full of suspense as they cross the creaking, frozen river between the countries and evade border patrol, the film is also touching and exhibits the love mothers have for children, their own and those of others. It ends on a happy note after a wild night of terror.

film 024 The Imitation Game is a true story based on the life of Alan Turing, a young British man who invented the first computer, a device used to locate enemy ships in WWII. Eccentric and brilliant, Turing is also homosexual, a trait that brings on discrimination, criminal charges, and finally death. While providing a fascinating piece of history, the film also brings out how cruel and unfair discrimination against homosexuals can be.

film07 Cinderella Man is a true story providing a glimpse into the misery workers faced in the Great Depression of the 1930s. Focusing on the boxer James Braddock whose amazing comeback inspired the American people, it is an excellent film. Russell Crowe and Renee Zellweger deserved Oscars.

film01 Grapes of Wrath, both the book and the film (released in 1940), is fully deserving of the term “classic.” Important in so many ways, it documents the journey of a poor migrant family who travel to California in the 1930’s to find work after their farm is destroyed by drought.  Henry Fonda won an Academy Award for his portrayal of Tom Joad, the eldest son. Their travails include lies and misinformation, discrimination, worker/employer conflict, hunger, death and injury. Much of it can be related to present day ills.

film08 Flash of Genius is based on the true story of college professor and part-time inventor Robert Kearns, six kids and wife, who invented the intermittent windshield wiper, eventually added to every car in America. Ford Motor Company steals his idea and a long battle ensues. Good depiction of the little man fighting the corporate world and winning. Greg Kinnear as Kearns is superb.

film05 The Oxbow Incident was filmed in artistic black and white in 1943. This film is a jewel. In 1998, the Library of Congress selected The Ox-Bow Incident for preservation in the United States National Film Registry because it was “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." If you want to get across how mob mentality (think about current youth gangs) can lead to tragedy and the horrible risk society takes when it chooses capital punishment, this film is the perfect vehicle. Based on the classic novel of the same name, it's about the lynching of innocent men and the resulting consequences.

film010 Invictus was nominated for a number of Academy Awards in 2009; this film will keep your students' attention though it is not a typical sports film. It is inspirational, but it also teaches a valuble lesson in history. Based on John Carlin's book Playing the Enemy:Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation, it centers on Mandela's plan to bring together the white Afrikaners and the Blacks soon after Apartheid was abolished and Mandela had been elected president of South Africa. Morgan Freeman and Matt Damon lead the cast.

film011 Iron-Jawed Angels is the historic tale of how women won the vote in the U.S. Starring the very talented Hilary Swank, the story shows the dedication, humiliation, and other suffering borne by the women who stood fast to win the rights for all women today. They were called “iron-jawed” because they refused force-feeding when they were imprisoned.

film012 Remember the Titans (starring Denzel Washington) is the true story of T.C. Williams High School in Alexandria, VA, one of the first to integrate white and black students. Washington plays Coach Herman Boone whose tactics eventually bring his team together. Their acceptance and respect for each other is an inspiration for the bigoted community in which they live.

film013 Seabiscuit is the true story of a racehorse in the 1930’s who became a historic figure by winning race after race though he was smaller than most competitors. He and his amazing trainer and jockey (played by Toby McGuire) gave Americans hope and heart as they lived through the Great Depression. Excellent history lesson with inspiration as well.

film014 Thirteen Days (starring Kevin Costner and Bruce Greenwood) is the story of President Kennedy’s harrowing decision making during the Cuban Crisis of 1962. Similar to those of President Bush in recent times, these decisions are relevant to today’s crises. The film teaches history as well as how to make difficult, life-changing decisions.

film09 Schindler's List will remain a classic, as it tells an unforgettable story about a German businessman who saved over 1000 Jewish lives during the holocaust in World War II by employing them in his factories and protecting them from the Nazis. Directed by Steven Spielberg, it won the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1993. A true story, it is shocking and inspiring.

film021 The Butler, enhanced with exceptional acting from Forrest Whitaker, Oprah Winfrey, and David Oyelowo, takes us on a journey through US history from the late 1950s to the Obama election. Based on the life story of Cecil Gaines, a White House black butler, it helps students see history from the perspective of African Americans.

film028 Selma As with all real heroes, the memory of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ebbs and flows. Yes, we have a holiday set aside in his honor and hundreds of streets, schools, and other buildings bear his name, but the real heroism of this man merits far more attention. Too many young people do not fully realize how dramatically his actions changed the world. The film Selma, released in December of 2014, vividly depicts an important segment of his story, perhaps the most important part.

film026 Water for Elephants allows students a look at the American circus in the 1930s during the Great Depression. Issues like domestic violence, animal cruelty, and addiction are addressed but the focus is on people and how they face problems. It offers excitement, love, death, animals and the great American circus, which is now in 2017 only a splendid memory.

Films about Women's Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

film06 Frozen River, released in 2008, was nominated for two Academy Awards. Telling the story of two desperate mothers, one Native American and one white, who smuggle foreigners across the US/Canadian border, it brings home the plight of single mothers and the ever present fear of terrorism. Full of suspense as they cross the creaking, frozen river between the countries and evade border patrol, the film is also touching and exhibits the love mothers have for children, their own and those of others. It ends on a happy note after a wild night of terror.

film011 Iron-Jawed Angels is the historic tale of how women won the vote in the U.S. Starring the very talented Hilary Swank, the story shows the dedication, humiliation, and other suffering borne by the women who stood fast to win the rights for all women today. They were called “iron-jawed” because they refused force-feeding when they were imprisoned.

film015 North Country tells the story of the first successful class action sexual harassment suit filed in this country. Starring Oscar nominated charlize Theron, it shows the ugly harassment women working in male dominated occupations often faced until sexual harassment laws were passed.

film016 Chocolat (starring Juliette Binoche and Johnny Depp) is a beautiful film that teaches tolerance and joy of life. It focuses on people in a small French village who learn through association with a single mother and her young daughter to accept people different from themselves and enjoy the pleasures life affords.

film017 The Cider House Rules (starring Toby McGuire, Cherlize Theron and Michael Caine) is a deep, thought-provoking film that teaches a good deal about love and pain. It focuses on adoption, abortion, lost loves, and centers on the theme that rules sometimes don’t apply to reality.

film018 Erin Brockovich is the true story of a single mother who single-handedly brought to justice a big corporation whose pollution was killing people. Julia Roberts won a well-deserved Oscar for her role as Erin. Not only does the film score points for the environment but also it is a realistic portrayal of life as a single mother.

film019 Mona Lisa Smiles stars the popular Julia Roberts, Kursten Dunst, and Julia Stiles in a story about the prestigious girls school Wellsley in the 1950’s where girls were molded into perfect wives denying their interest in other things. A balanced view of the career versus marriage dilemma.

film020 Real Women Have Curves is the story of a Mexican American young woman who learns to value herself in all ways. She overcomes cultural barriers to become herself. Provides valuable lessons in responsible sex, acceptance of body, and striving to reach one’s potential.

film026 Water for Elephants allows students a look at the American circus in the 1930s during the Great Depression. Issues like domestic violence, animal cruelty, and addiction are addressed but the focus is on people and how they face problems. It offers excitement, love, death, animals and the great American circus, which is now in 2017 only a splendid memory.

Films about Diversity/Inclusiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

film 024 The Imitation Game is a true story based on the life of Alan Turing, a young Briish man who invented the first computer, a device used to locate enemy ships in WWII. Eccentric and brilliant, Turing is also homosexual, a trait that brings on discrimination, criminal charges, and finally death. While providing a fascinating piece of history, the film also brings out how cruel and unfair discrimination against homosexuals can be.

film020 Real Women Have Curves is the story of a Mexican American young woman who learns to value herself in all ways. She overcomes cultural barriers to become herself. Provides valuable lessons in responsible sex, acceptance of body, and striving to reach one’s potential.

film021 The Butler, enhanced with exceptional acting from Forrest Whitaker, Oprah Winfrey, and David Oyelowo, takes us on a jurney through US history from the late 1950s to the Obama election. Based on the life story of Cecil Gaines, a White House black butler, it helps students see history from the perspective of African Americans.

film022 Maria Full of Grace is the story of Maria, a “mule” transporting drugs inside her body from Columbia to New York City. It illustrates the poor decisions teenagers can sometimes make that put their lives in danger. Nevertheless, it teaches good lessons and even pulls off a happy ending.

film023 Spanglish. This beautiful film (no bad language, no sex scenes) with popular actor Adam Sandler has so many good lessons for teens: value of diversity, parent child relationship, sanctity of marriage, alcoholism, culture clash etc., etc. It will particularly resonate with Spanish speaking students.

film025 The Hurricane (starring Denzel Washington) is the story of Rubin “Hurricane” Carter (Denzel Washington), an American prizefighter who in the mid-60s was well on his way to becoming the middleweight boxing champion of the world when he was wrongly convicted of murdering three people in a New Jersey bar. The victim of racial profiling at its worst, he spent almost 20 years in prison before a group of Canadians was finally able to get him freed.

film027 Radio is the touching and true story of James Robert Kennedy (played by Cuba Gooding Jr.), a mentally challenged black man who was adopted by a high school in South Carolina, due to the efforts of Harold Jones (played by Ed Harris) the school’s football coach. Kennedy became a beloved emblem of tolerance and respect for all.  In 2004 both of these men were still living.

film012 Remember the Titans (starring Denzel Washington) is the true story of T.C. Williams High School in Alexandria, VA, one of the first to integrate white and black students. Washington plays Coach Herman Boone whose tactics eventually bring his team together. Their acceptance and respect for each other is an inspiration for the bigoted community in which they live.

film028 Selma As with all real heroes, the memory of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ebbs and flows. Yes, we have a holiday set aside in his honor and hundreds of streets, schools, and other buildings bear his name, but the real heroism of this man merits far more attention. Too many young people do not fully realize how dramatically his actions changed the world. The film Selma, released in December of 2014, vividly depicts an important segment of his story, perhaps the most important part.

Films about the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

film030 Grey Owl (starring Pierce Brosnan) is the true story of the first environmentalist who was actually a white man masquerading as an Indian. The man did live with the Ojibwa Indians of Canada for a while and was made an honorary member. He traveled around the country asking for preservation of wildlife and natural scenery. He is a Canadian hero.

film018 Erin Brockovich is the true story of a single mother who single-handedly brought to justice a big corporation whose pollution was killing people. Julia Roberts won a well-deserved Oscar for her role as Erin. Not only does the film score points for the environment but also it is a realistic portrayal of life as a single mother.

film031 The Day After Tomorrow – an exciting but tender film that shows us what global warming could do our planet. A father/son relationship is highlighted. Good acting, great special effects, and a strong message.

Films about Ethical Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

film032 Million Dollar Baby won the Academy Awards for best picture, best actor (Clint Eastwood), best actress (Hillary Swank), best actor in a supporting role (Morgan Freeman), and best director (Clint Eastwood) in 2004.  It is a film your students will never forget. It provides much to discuss and write about: violent sports, assisted suicide, and family conflict. Because it deals with controversial topics, some may choose not to use it in the classroom, but those who do will find it educational and uplifting.

film029 Concussion is the true story of how scientists discovered the harm playing football can cause to the brain. Dr. Bennet Omalu, is the black scientist, new to America, who tried to warn the world of football's dangers amid cruel backlash from a football enamoured public and the sports corporations behind the game. Will Smith in one of his most important roles portrays Omalu. In 2017 new research from Boston University definitively validates Omalu's theories with over 200 cases.

038 Eye in the Sky keeps viewers on the edge of their seats as British and American military make decisions to bomb by drone. Safe behind their computers, soldiers now carry exceptional responsibility for saving or destroying human life. Helen Mirren is the lead actor.

film033 Pay It Forward (starring Helen Hunt, Kevin Spacey, and Haley Joel Osment) is a tear jerker describing how one boy and his idea of helping others by “paying it forward” spreads to enrich the lives of many people.

film034 Pieces of April is a very touching film about families, how they can hurt each other yet a bond remains. Show it around Thanksgiving because it focuses on a young woman estranged from her family who invites them all to dinner. Breast cancer, diversity, prejudice, and cruelty all show up in the script with humor to help us handle it all.

film035 Without Limits is the story of the University of Oregon track star Steve Prefontaine who made it to the Olympics in 1972 when terrorists put a crimp in Olympic activities.  Before he could return, he was killed in a senseless car accident while driving under the influence of alcohol.  Much to learn from this true story.

film036 The Emperor’s Club, though it is set in a prestigious private school in the East, shows that dishonesty is present everywhere among students. . . and teachers. Excellent lesson in understanding how dishonesty in life affects everyone involved in subtle and not so subtle ways.

film037 28 Days, starring the popular Sandra Bullock, shows in a humorous yet serious way the trials of getting clean and sober in a treatment center. We see that the problems are life-affecting and life-threatening, but to lessen the despair, the film adds colorful characters who make you laugh. Excellent film for kids in recovery.

film039 Philadelphia released in 1994 is the best way to inspire tolerance for homosexuals and people afflicted with AIDS. It shows gay people as the human beings they are and goes a long way in helping people understand. The excellent acting of Tom Hanks and Densel Washington certainly helps. One of the best films I’ve seen.

Films about Arts and Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

film026 Water for Elephants allows students a look at the American circus in the 1930s during the Great Depression. Issues like domestic violence, animal cruelty, and addiction are addressed but the focus is on people and how they face problems. It offers excitement, love, death, animals and the great American circus, which is now in 2017 only a splendid memory.

film040 Cast Away (starring Tom Hanks) is a lesson in valuing time and using one’s creativity. After a plane crash, Hanks finds himself stranded on an island for years. Exciting activities requiring higher-level thinking stem from the film's content.

Life/Academic Skills for Teens (not based on films). . . .

LAS001
Give a Darn: Brings current issues to the attention of students by showing how they themselves will be and are affected by world events. Encourages action.

LAS002
Voting. How Important Is It? Designed to accompany the film Iron-Jawed Angels, this lesson helps students understand the right to vote and how to exercise it intelligently.

LAS003
A Lesson in Women’s History: This activity presents a game that highlights personalities and events that furthered women’s rights in this country from women’s right to vote in 1920 to the Violence against Women Act passed in 1994 and the Lettie Ledbetter Act of 2008.

LAS004
Hero or Fool?  This lesson has students look at risk taking, its pluses and minuses. When is it appropriate to take a risk?

LAS005
Women's Issues are Everybody's Issues:  This activity has students examine four areas where women still face problems: reproductive rights, employment rights, domestic violence, and sexual objectification. Research, reports, and discussion

LAS006
Planning a Profitable Summer: At the end of the school year youth plan for a successful summer using activity cards as idea starters for discussion. Activity cards included.

LAS007
How to Teach Compassion: Using real life events as discussion starters, students are asked to tell how they would feel and react if they were confronted with the situation described. 

LAS008
How to Deal with Disappointment: This lesson provides tools for handling the disappointments, large and small, teens encounter.

LAS009
How to Deal with Feelings:  Using role-play and discussion this lesson teaches young people how to manage unpleasant feelings such as fear and anger.

LAS0010
How to Make Decisions:  Through practice making real life group decisions, students learn the steps in decision-making.

LAS0011
Teaching How to Value Diversity: Through a game centering on outstanding American men and women from all races and cultures, young people learn that this nation was built by the good works and talent of all peoples. 

LAS0012
How to Recognize and Evaluate Stereotyping: Through thoughtful discussion and writing, students explore stereotypes in their own environment.

LAS0013
Getting a Clue about Money:  This is a lesson teaching kids how to budget, save, and spend, stressing the value of saving

LAS0014
Mean People
: This lesson shows students how to recognize and respond to abusive behavior from bullying at school, to sexual harassment in the workplace, to child abuse. 

LAS0015
“Me: Past, Present, and Future”: Youth create a three-part collage depicting their past, their present and how they see their future. Old magazines, poster paper, glue and scissors.  Helps students put their lives in perspective and envision a positive future.

LAS0016
How to Analyze Advertising:  Students study advertisements and political spin, analyzing them using a list of propaganda techniques, commonly found in today's ads and political talk, and sometimes hidden in entertainment.

LAS0017
Meaningful Writing Assignments: Students learn more when their writing assignments relate to their real lives and they can see purpose in writing. This lesson plan provides ways to make writing relate to young people’s lives.

LAS0018
How to Write a News Story: Journalism holds some fascination for today’s youth. This lesson shows them step-by-step how to write a news story based on current events of interest to teens.

LAS0019
A Mini-Lesson on Sex:  Teens are surprisingly ignorant of many facts about sex and pregnancy much to their detriment.  This short lesson is free of embarrassment but gives teens valuable information. A true-false quiz included.

LAS0020
How to Care for “Babies”:  This is an activity using hardboiled eggs that teaches young people about the responsibility of parenthood in a light hearted way.

LAS0021
A Mini-Lesson on the Teenage Brain:  Using cutting edge research on the teenage brain, its capabilities and limitations, this lesson asks students to discuss how this new research might change their behavior. 

LAS0022
How to Meditate: Providing four different ways to meditate, this lesson shows how to find calm in a world of stress. Introduces Siddhartha Gautama, who became the first Buddha, but the lesson is not religion-based. Handout included.

LAS0023
Teaching the Real Value of Healthy Eating:  Rather than through scare tactics, this lesson focuses on the benefits one receives from eating healthy foods, particularly benefits that teens really want. Activities include cooking, eating, and exercising—focus on fun.

LAS0024
How to Resist Strong Persuasion: Whether the persuasion comes from peers or advertising pros, this lesson shows youth the strategies used to persuade and how to recognize them and resist.

LAS0025
How to Cope in Stressful Situations: This lesson presents a 5-step procedure young people can follow when facing stressful events. Presents strategies teens can use to stop and think before acting.

LAS0026
How to Build Community in the Classroom: Ideas for teachers who want to build trust and connection in the classroom. Tested activities that bring students together early in the school year.

LAS0027
How to Deal with Mistakes and Failure: A lesson that shows young people that everyone makes mistakes and provides a way to make good use of them. Handout included.

LAS0028
How to Set Goals and Meet Them:  This lesson provides criteria for setting reasonable long- and short-term goals, as well as ways to stick with them and reap the rewards they offer.

LAS0029
Let the Students Judge: This exercise lets students become the jury in determining the sentences of real-life juvenile offenders.

LAS0030
How to Start the Year Right—“Cleaning Out Your Closet”: This is an activity that helps young people determine which events and experiences in their past lives should be let go and which should be saved. Sometimes one has to learn from an experience and then let it go.

LAS0031
How to Teach Youth to STOP and THINK:  So often young people act impulsively without giving the consequences of their actions much thought, particularly when anger is the chief emotion involved.  This activity gives young people tools to help them handle problems in a more productive manner.

LAS0032
Teaching Negotiation Skills:  “Talk Smart” provides students with directions and practice in solving problems though thoughtful and fair discussion. 

LAS033
How to Write a Classroom Newspaper: Directions for organizing the writing and publishing of a class newspaper.

LAS034
How to Teach Others:  This activity teaches the valuable skills of (1) composing clear directions, (2) preparing and delivering a short oral presentation, and (3) demonstrating how to accomplish a task or produce a product. It also has an amazing way of showcasing each student, one at a time, making each one special if only for a brief time.

LAS035
Reading is Cool:  A collection of ideas to help students become better readers and enjoy reading for pleasure.

LAS0036
Teaching the Short Story Their Way: Letting the students make up quizzes and lead discussions makes reading short stories more than a reading assignment. Unique teaching unit.

LAS0037
It's Worth a Debate: Worksheets and direction for staging a classroom debate on a controversial topic. Handouts usable for any debatable topic.

Mexican History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

MH01
Father Miguel Hidalgo is often called the Father of Mexico. An unconventional priest, he was dismayed at the injustices against the common Mexican people and started a revolution that did not end well. Nevertheless, he is considered a true hero, and is remembered for the cry "Viva Guadalupe" which became the slogan of the revolution.

MH02
Sor Juana Inez de las Cruz was Mexico's first women's rights activist. She was a notable author and fought discrimination against women her entire life. She was recognized by Mexico's Noble Prize winner Octavio Pax for her outstanding courage and exceptional writing.

MH03
Hernan Cortez, whether a hero or a villain, is written large in Mexican history as the Spanish general who conquered the Aztec nation and claimed Mexico for Spain. He was recklessly determined and put his life and his soldier's lives at risk to enrich Spain and himself with gold and other riches.

MH04
Jose Maria Morelos, has a Mexican state named after him in south central Mexico. Part Indian and part Black, he was called a genius by many because he had ideals that could have brought Mexico to true independence from Spain with a government providing equity to all Mexican people. However, Mexico was not ready for him.

MH05
Augustine de Iturbide, handsome and clever, was able to charm both the Mexican people and the Spanish authorites and eventually made his way to the position of Emperor of New Spain. He is responsible for the design and creation of the Mexican flag. He lived a pretentious life and in the end, most Mexicans and Spanish considered him a traitor.

 

 

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